At this point in time, you are likely familiar with both the term and characteristics of the condition known as Autism.
While it is commonly thought of as an Intellectual Disability, Autism also occurs in individuals of normal and even superior
intelligence, therefore may better be classified as a developmental disability. The information here is provided to give you
a bit of history, briefly describe the symptoms, and give you hope that there are treatments and options for individuals with
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
The term Autism was introduced by Swiss Psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1911 and comes from the Greek word “autos” meaning “self”.
It was used by Dr. Bleuler when referring to symptoms of Schizophrenia, and later in the 1940’s, more commonly used to describe
children with emotional problems such as being withdrawn and unable to communicate, having social or language impairment, and
tending to do repetitive or stereotyped activities. A person with ASD is somewhat or severely removed from social interaction
and therefore, an “isolated self”.
Moving forward, in the 1950’s, some psychologists and psychoanalysts believed that lack of acceptance and parental love was the
cause of Autism, but this has been disproved. Scientists now agree it is more likely both genetics and environment play a role.
Studies have found genes associated with the disorder and also specific irregularities in several regions of the brains of Autistic
individuals. These abnormalities suggest that ASD may result from the disruption of normal brain development in early fetal development.
In the 1960’s new theories and organizations gave way to the National Autistic Society in the UK and the Autism Society of America
in the US. In 1980, Autism was officially added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and in 1988 we saw
the story of Rain Man, an eye opening account of this very baffling and challenging disorder. In 1990, Autism became a separate
category in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and in 2000, the Children’s Health Act is signed by President Clinton
founding an autism research coordinating committee. Today, we know that Autism is treatable and research will eventually provide
us with both the cause and cure.
You can see the great strides that have been made over the years and the many wonderful research and advocacy organizations that
have been formed. Every day, diagnosis and treatment is more readily available to approximately 1 in 88 (according to the CDC)
children born with ASD. And finally, there is a systematic way of determining and describing autism and related conditions, all
of which are placed within a group of conditions called Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD).
How is Autism Diagnosed?
Symptoms and severity of ASD vary wildly and can go unrecognized if mild.
Early indicators include:
• No Babbling or pointing by age 1
• No single words by 16 months or two-word phrases by age 2
• No response to name
• Loss of language or social skills
• Poor eye contact
• Excessive lining up of toys or objects
• No smiling or social responses
Later Indicators include:
• Impaired ability to make friends
• Impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation
• Absence or impairment of imaginative and social play
• Stereotyped, repetitive, or unusual use of language
• Restricted patterns of interest that are abnormal in intensity or focus
• Preoccupation with certain objects or subjects
• Inflexible adherence to specific routines
To obtain a diagnosis, a questionnaire or screening tool is used to gather
information about the child’s development and behavior. If an Autism Spectrum
Disorder is suspected, a more comprehensive evaluation may be required. This is
performed by a team of highly trained professionals who conduct more thorough
neurological, cognitive, and language tests.
If you think your child is showing some of the indicators noted above
And have not been able to find help,
Call us at (724) 430-1370 and ask for an Intake Worker
We can help you!
Information has been provided, in part, by the sources listed below.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Understanding Intellectual Disability and Health
Links and resources